UNITED NATIONS – SECURITY COUNCIL
The Security Council is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations and its primary responsibility is to maintain international peace and security. Its powers include calling on disputing parties to settle conflicts by peaceful means, establishing peacekeeping operations, authorising the imposition of sanctions and interfering militarily in order to restore international peace. The council is composed of a representative from each of the members, 15 members in total, with five permanent members and 10 non-permanent members. The non-permanent members are elected for a two-year term and each member shall have one vote. The Security Council also recommends the appointment of the Secretary-General and the admission of new Members to the United Nations to the General Assembly. Together with the General Assembly, it elects the judges of the International Court of Justice.
EUROPEAN UNION – FOREIGN AFFAIRS COUNCIL
The Foreign Affairs Council is responsible for the EU's external action and is made up of European Union Member State Ministers responsible for Foreign Affairs, Defence and Development. EU's external action includes foreign policy, defence and security, trade, development cooperation and humanitarian aid. The Council's main role is to ensure the unity, consistency and effectiveness of the EU's aforementioned external action. The Council can launch EU crisis management actions, both civil and military, in pursuit of the EU's objectives of peace and security. It can also adopt measures needed to implement the EU's foreign and security policy, including possible sanctions. The main objective of the EU is to search for a political solution to end the long-running conflict under the EU and UN framework and to support and promote democracy, good governance, the fight against corruption, the justice system, public administration, economic growth, and so forth, with the ultimate goal of joining the EU.
ORGANISATION FOR SECURITY AND COOPERATION IN EUROPE – MINISTERIAL COUNCIL
The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) is the world's largest security-oriented intergovernmental organization. Its mandate includes issues such as arms control and the promotion of human rights, freedom of the press and fair elections. The OSCE is concerned with early warning, conflict prevention, crisis management, and post-conflict rehabilitation. OSCE's direction is provided by the heads of government or state during summits which are held as needed. OSCE's interest is to provide arms control, protect borders, combat terrorism, prevent conflicts, as well as provide quality development in the economic-environmental and human socio-political dimensions.
Security Council 2015